Magento 2 comes with a great set of unit tests out-of-the-box. You can add these tests to your module as described by Ash Smith in this article, but that means you need to run your unit test with the –filter attribute like so:
phpunit --filter MyCoolModelTest
This is great of course, but it still means the entire test suite is loaded and only tests that passes the filter are executed. Now since Magento 2 (finally) has namespaces, this might result in some unwanted results. Say you have a quite generic class name, like Controller or Product , this would mean that your filter would match all other kind of tests as well. We don’t want that when we want to rapidly program and test side-by-side.
How to test a single class
As you might know, the convention with Magento 2 is to place your unit tests in a folder called Test/Unit inside your modules’ folder. Now, if we put a phpunit.xml -file inside that folder with the following content:
<const name="MAGENTO_ROOT" value="/absolute/path/to/magento"/>
… we can effectively browser to the folder and execute phpunit from there (assuming you have PHPUnit installed as a globally executable). Not the bootstrap -argument in the file above. It states that we want to load the bootstrap.php file from Magento that comes with Magento’s own testing framework. Also note the constant MAGENTO_ROOT , which is a constant required on some places to get the root of Magento.
Needless to say, we can also start our test by executing the following line anywhere on your system:
phpunit -c /absolute/path/to/app/code/Vendor/Module/Test/Unit
That’s it! Happy testing everyone!
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